Wednesday, March 22, 2017

A New Job at the YTLA!

So, it's been a little while since I posted last, and that's partly due to the fact that I accepted the job offer with the Yuan-Tseh Lee Array (formerly known as the Array for MIcrowave Background Anisotropy, or AMiBA), started work last Thursday, and have already been up Mauna Loa twice this week and will be going up again tomorrow. I love the view up there, but I can't deny it's pretty exhausting!

Mauna Kea with scattered clouds about its head, seen at quitting time yesterday. Pau hana!
So yes, I'm once again working full-time, and I'd forgotten how tired that tends to leave one at the end of the day. My job title is YTLA Telescope Test/Operator, and there's a chance I might start doing night-time operations on Mauna Loa as early as next week (though for the moment my work hours consist of a mixture of helping out up on Mauna Loa during the day and being in the office down in Hilo).

A panorama showing Mauna Kea with the YTLA on the right; the telescope is inside the tan fabric shelter while the white shipping containers are the control room and the operator quarters.
There's lots more I could say about my new work, but it's getting late and I need to be up early again to prepare for going up tomorrow, so I'll keep this post short. Though I just realized I can now truthfully tell people that I work on an active volcano. Awesome. A hui hou!

(You know you work at an amazing place when you can seriously ask your supervisor, “So if the volcano suddenly starts erupting, is the preferred course of action to get in the car and gun it down the mountain, or stay put and wait for the emergency evac helicopter?”)

Edit 3/23/17: Just a few more pictures I took today. It was cloudy and foggy today for the first time, and I got a nice picture of Mauna Kea brooding beneath the clouds:

Mauna Kea seen on a more cloudy day.
I also had the bright idea to take a panorama inside the YTLA enclosing structure, allowing me to better capture it in its entirety:

The outer structure looks weird because the panorama distorts it, but you can see its exterior two photos up.
I also learned today that there's a large empty cavity beneath the telescope, inside the white cone structure beneath the platform in the picture above. It has a hatch to enter that looks a lot like an early space flight capsule door:

The telescope is not actually secretly a spaceship, sadly.

Saturday, March 11, 2017

Vectorizing Kalundwe's Flag

Today flag vectorizing target is Kalundwe, a small nation in the heart of Africa so obscure it doesn't even have a Wikipedia page in English. It's part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo nowadays, though it was free for a few hundred years between approximately 1350 to 1600, according to what I could find. I realized I edited together the video and even uploaded it to YouTube but hadn't put it in a blog post yet, so here you go!

Kalundwe's starting location in Europa Universalis IV in 1444, nestled between the nations of Kuba and Luba.
Kalundwe was eventually conquered by the neighboring nation of Luba, and became associated with it. The design on their flag in Europa Universalis IV looks like it may have been inspired by Luba-Kalundwe royal cups such as the one seen in this blog post.


Not much else to say about this one, it was a fairly straight-forward tracing process. A hui hou!

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Tour of the Yuan-Tseh Lee Array on Mauna Loa, and a Job Offer

Two weeks ago, as part of the job interview process for the operator job I applied for, I got to go on a tour of the Yuan-Tseh Lee Array facilities on Mauna Loa. The weather was absolutely gorgeous, so I took my camera along and got some pictures.

Mauna Kea from the road up to the Mauna Loa Observatories. This is facing basically due north.
The drive up from Saddle Road to Mauna Loa never fails to give me a sense of (wonder at) the size of Hawaiʻi island. From the turn-off point at Saddle Road, it's a mere 10–15 minutes' drive to get to Hale Pōhaku at ~9,200 feet. From the turn-off (only a few hundred feet down the road) to go to Mauna Loa it takes a solid 40–50 minutes to get to the Mauna Loa Observatories at ~11,200 feet.

(Part of this has to do with how the Mauna Kea access road is much steeper and more direct, while the Mauna Loa road winds, twists, and takes a much less steep path. Now that it's paved the entire way, I'd say it's actually an easier road overall due to never really getting as steep as the Mauna Kea road.)

Mauna Kea from inside the gated Mauna Loa Observatories area.
Have I mentioned the weather was amazing? Barely a cloud in the sky other than some off the west coast of the island (and some annoying vog in Hilo). You can see the peak of Kohala (the northern-most volcano of the five that make up Hawaiʻi) to the left of Mauna Kea in the picture above. Once we got past the gate blocking off access to the Mauna Loa Observatories (where I'd never been before), we got a tour of some of the various buildings at the site.

Some of the buildings at the Mauna Loa Observatories site. Check out Maui in the background there! That's Haleakalā.
Something I wasn't really aware of is just how many small observatories of all stripes there are on Mauna Loa. There's a weather station, a small solar telescope, several other domes (I have no idea what the three in this picture are, for instance), and some various other monitoring equipment and buildings scattered around. (I presume some of the are geophysical monitoring stations keeping tabs on Mauna Loa itself.)

The Yuan-Tseh Lee Array, or YTLA for short, was formerly known as AMiBA, or the Array for MIcrowave Background Anisotropy (astronomers will do anything for a tortured acronym!)

The original sign, still up.
The new name.
The YTLA hangs out under a strange, shell-like dome of PVC fabric, as seen in the image below:

That pill-bug-like shell is the housing for the YTLA.
For observing the covering curls over and folds up, allowing the telescope to see the sky. (The process is entirely manual, and operator-controlled.) We got to go in and see the telescope itself, on its central pedestal.

Apparently when it was first built, it was discovered that the telescope was about four feet too tall to fit in the enclosure. The solution? Lift the enclosure up by four feet! The original design also called for zippered holes in the fabric to enter and exit by, but that didn't work out so great so the entrance now is by bending over and clambering through a four-foot hole left from lifting up the enclosure. It's definitely one of the zanier telescopes I've had the pleasure of touring!

The YTLA, seen from the back. The various receiver elements are mounted on the top of that hexagonal platform.
After seeing the control room for the YTLA (a Matson shipping container) and the rooms for the operators (a Matson container split down the middle), we had an hour free to wander around while our guides did some work on the telescope.

Unlike the area around Hale Pōhaku, which is lightly wooded and has plenty of vegetation, the 11,000-foot mark on Mauna Loa might as well be the surface of the moon when it comes to flora (in fact, astronauts came here to prepare for the moon landings, as it's considered one of the best moon-analogs on earth). There are some very pretty pieces of lava lying around, however!

I love the brilliant green-blue-yellow iridescence of this tiny chunk of basalt.
Finally, as I often do when confronted with a vista and a camera in my hand, I ended up taking some pictures to put together as panoramas. I'm not entirely happy with either of these; they both have their flaws, but I've put them together as best I can, so here they are:



The second one comes from a bit higher up the mountain; the building visible on the far left in the first one (the YTLA breakroom) is just behind the right-most dome near the center of the second one. You can see the peaks of Mauna Kea, Kohala, Haleakalā, and Hualālai (from right to left) in both pictures.

All in all it was a great tour, and, between the genesis and the completion of this post, just this afternoon, I got a call to let me know that they were offering me the job, so it looks like I'll be becoming a lot more familiar with the area in the near future! A hui hou!