|Kīlauea Iki crater from the crater rim trail.|
Friday, November 25, 2016
Not too much to say today, other than hauʻoli lā hoʻomaikaʻi! Happy thanksgiving everyone! I was hoping to put up some pictures from my Labor Day trip to Volcanoes National Park, but I'm still working on touching up the raw photos, so I hope to have those out pretty sure. Have a shot from the rim of Kīlauea Iki out over the crater as a teaser. Now, off to dinner!
Sunday, November 13, 2016
Have you ever wondered where all of those funny names on the periodic table come from? I'm a big fan of the periodic table—it adorns my shower curtain, in fact—and one morning the thought came to me to that there are many mysterious names on the periodic table whose origins are obscure to the average layman. Thus, I took it upon myself to create the following list, detailing the origins of many of those inscrutable names:
- 3 Lithium, named after the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
- 18 Argon, named after the Argonauts.
- 24 Chromium, named after the Internet browser (the open-source one that the more famous Google Chrome gets its code from).
- 36 Krypton, named after Superman's home planet.
- 44 Ruthenium, named after the Biblical Ruth.
- 45 Rhodium, named after the island of Rhodes, home to the eponymous Colossus in ancient times and famed as the site of the Siege of Rhodes in 1522.
- 52 Tellurium, named after William Tell, Swiss folk hero.
- 62 Samarium, named after the region of Samaria in the north of Israel.
- 64 Gadolinium, named after the Hebrew word gadól (גָּדֹל), meaning “big, large.”
- 67 Holmium, named after fictional detective Sherlock Holmes.
- 71 Lutetium, named for the lute.
- 84 Polonium, named after the sport of polo.
- 97 Berkelium, named after yours truly.
…alright, alright, I can't keep this up any more.
In case it's not obvious, none of the preceding is true; this is what happens when I get bored while looking at a periodic table and letting my mind wander.
Let's go over the actual, correct origins of the names of the aforementioned elements:
- 3 Lithium is actually named from the Greek word λιθος, lithos, meaning “stone.” This is a reference to it being discovered in a solid mineral, unlike its two fellow alkaline metals known at the time, sodium (known from high levels in animal blood) and potassium (discovered in plant ashes).
- 18 Argon is named from the Greek word αργος, argos, meaning “inactive,” in reference to its chemical inactivity. It's the least reactive element that actually stills forms compounds, though only a few are known and the first compound, argon fluorohyudride (HArF) was only synthesized in 2000.
- 24 Chromium, from the Greek word χρωμα, chrōma, meaning “color,” in reference to the intense colors of many of its salts.
- 36 Krypton, named from the Greek word κρυπτος, kryptos, meaning “hidden” or “secret.” It (like all the other noble gasses except helium) was discovered by successively evaporating components of liquid air, and the name is a reference to it being hidden among all the other gasses that make up air.
- 44 Ruthenium is named for the Latin name for the region that includes Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, Ruthenia in Latin.
- 45 Rhodium is named from the Greek word ροδον, rhodon, meaning “rose,” in reference to the rose-red color of one of its chlorine compounds.
- 52 Tellurium is actually named from the Latin tellus, meaning “earth.”
- 62 Samarium is named after the mineral it was discovered in, samarskite, which in turn was named after Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets, Chief of Staff of the Russian Corps of Mining Engineers, who helped procure access to the samples of the (at the time) rare mineral samarskite from the Urals.
- 64 Gadolinium, similarly, is named for the mineral gadolinite, which in turn is named for the Finnish chemist Johan Gadolin, who discovered yttrium (and was knighted three times, apparently).
- 67 Holmium is actually named from the Latin name for Stockholm, Holmia.
- 71 Lutetium is similarly named from the Latin name for Paris, Lutetia.
- 84 Polonium was actually named by one of its discoverers, Marie Curie, after her homeland of Poland.
- 97 Berkelium is, of course, not named after any member of the Berke family, but after the city of Berkeley in California, where it was discovered in 1949 at the University of California Radiation Laboratory.
Hope you enjoyed my attempts at humor. A hui hou!